Related Rule
Togo
Practice Relating to Rule 145. Reprisals
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states: “As far as reprisals are concerned, under customary law, they are permitted to counter an unlawful act of warfare.” 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 13.
It also states: “Acts of vengeance are prohibited.” 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule I, p. 18.
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … a prior warning is given”. 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 13.
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … they are proportional to the violation of the law of war committed by the enemy”. 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 13.
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … they are ordered at a high level”. 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 13.
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … they cease as soon as the violation [of the law of war] which has triggered them ceases”. 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 13.