Practice Relating to Rule 34. Journalists
Chad’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states:
A distinction must be made between two categories of staff whose professional status may lead to confusion and disrupt combatants’ behaviour: journalists and war correspondents.
Journalists have an identity card issued by the government of the State of which the journalist is a national or in whose territory he resides or where the news organization employing him is located. Journalists are considered civilians searching for information in the combat area. They must refrain from taking action adversely affecting their status as civilians, which is the basis for their being given general protection.
(2) War correspondents
By contrast, war correspondents are accredited by their military command. They are integrated into the armed forces, wear uniform and may wear a distinctive sign enabling their function to be recognized. If they are captured, they are considered prisoners of war.