Practice Relating to Rule 153. Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Punish or Report War Crimes
Chad’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states that a commander is criminally liable if he fails to:
- prevent the violation when he knows, or must know, that it is to be committed;
- repress the violation if it is not criminal in nature;
- denounce the violation to the legal authority if it is criminal in nature.