Related Rule
Syrian Arab Republic
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
The Report on the Practice of Syrian Arab Republic asserts that Syrian Arab Republic considers Article 85 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I to be part of customary international law. 
Report on the Practice of Syrian Arab Republic, 1997, Chapter 5.6.
The Syrian Arab Republic’s Military Penal Code (1950) states: “Each defendant referred to military courts for a criminal offence shall have the right to be represented by a counsel.” 
Syrian Arab Republic, Military Penal Code, 1950, Article 70.
In 2004, in its third periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, the Syrian Arab Republic stated:
Observance by military courts of guarantees provided in the Covenant:
(b) The right to defence before military courts is established by the law. A defendant or an accused person before military justice enjoys the same rights and guarantees enjoyed by their civilian counterparts. A defendant or an accused person has the right to choose a lawyer to defend him before the military magistrate, the single-judge military court or other military courts, and if he does not choose a lawyer the president of the court shall appoint a lawyer. In all cases a defendant has the right not to answer questions by a military magistrate except in the presence of a lawyer (articles 70 and 72–75 of the Military Penal and Criminal Procedure Code. 
Syrian Arab Republic, Third periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 19 October 2004, UN Doc. CCPR/C/SYR/2004/3, submitted 5 July 2004, § 212(b).
In 2004, in its third periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, the Syrian Arab Republic stated:
Observance by military courts of guarantees provided in the Covenant [International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights]:
(d) Verdicts delivered by military and single-judge courts in absentia may be contested within a period of five days commencing on the day following the date of communicating the verdict. Except in specified cases, all such verdicts are subject to appeal (articles 15, 79 and 80 of the Military Penal and Criminal Procedure Code). In all cases, including exceptions specified by the law, article 81 of the Code authorizes the Minister of Defence to appeal judgements before the Court of Cassation. Article 15, paragraph 4, stipulates that sentences of capital punishment are excluded from these exceptions and they may be appealed before the Court of Cassation in all cases. 
Syrian Arab Republic, Third periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 19 October 2004, UN Doc. CCPR/C/SYR/2004/3, submitted 5 July 2004, § 212.
In 2004, in its third periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, the Syrian Arab Republic stated:
212. Observance by military courts of guarantees provided in the Covenant [International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights]:
(c) Article 65 of the Military Code of Criminal Procedure stipulates that a trial by a military court shall be public and may otherwise be declared invalid unless the court decides to hold it in camera for reasons of public morality or in the interest of the army and the armed forces. However, in all cases verdicts shall be handed down in an open session. 
Syrian Arab Republic, Third periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 19 October 2004, UN Doc. CCPR/C/SYR/2004/3, submitted 5 July 2004, p. 212.
The Report on the Practice of the Syrian Arab Republic asserts that the Syrian Arab Republic considers Article 75 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I to be part of customary international law. 
Report on the Practice of the Syrian Arab Republic, 1997, Chapter 5.1.
The Report on the Practice of the Syrian Arab Republic asserts that the Syrian Arab Republic considers Article 75 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I to be part of customary international law. 
Report on the Practice of the Syrian Arab Republic, 1997, Chapter 5.1.