Practice Relating to Rule 152. Command Responsibility for Orders to Commit War Crimes
Somalia’s Military Criminal Code (1963) states:
1. The commander of a military force who, to harm the enemy, orders or authorizes the use of any of the means or methods of warfare that are forbidden by law or by international agreements, or that are contrary to military honour, shall be liable to confinement for not less than five years, except where the act is specified as an offence by a special provision of law.
2. If the act leads to a massacre, a penalty of confinement for not less than 10 years shall be applied.