Practice Relating to Rule 83. Removal or Neutralization of Landmines
Senegal’s Decree on the National Centre for Anti-Mine Action (2006) states:
The Centre [the National Centre for Anti-Mine Action in Senegal, CNAMS] is the operational body which executes anti-mine action at the national and international level;
for this reason, it is tasked:
- with ensuring the conduct of demining and decontamination initiatives in the entire national territory;
- to coordinate, supervise and control the logistical support and material for activities related to demining and decontamination operations, awareness-raising and assisting victims.
In 2011, in its third periodic report to the Committee against Torture, Senegal stated:
- The Committee notes that the conflict in Casamance sometimes impedes effective implementation of the  Convention [against Torture]
187. The comprehensive peace agreement of 30 December 2004 concluded between the Government of Senegal and the Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance has dramatically improved the situation, despite the sporadic but regrettable acts of violence committed by isolated armed gangs and the number of anti-personnel landmine victims.
191. … The Casamance region has benefited from a targeted development programme designed in line with its specific geographical position and post-conflict situation, as provided for under the aforementioned comprehensive peace agreement.
192. This development programme is referred to in the preamble to the peace agreement and is explicitly mentioned in article 4, entitled “Economic and social recovery”, which reads as follows: “The State urges the national agency responsible for social and economic recovery in Casamance to mobilize NGOs and specialized mine-clearance agencies, in partnership with the Armed Forces and the former combatants of the Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance, to begin the humanitarian demining of the Casamance region without delay in order to facilitate the resumption of economic activities.”
In 2013, in its third to fifth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Senegal stated:
Measures adopted to protect children in Casamance
137. The Government has already launched a series of measures for this purpose. The National Agency to Revive Economic and Social Activity in Casamance (ANRAC) has been established with annual national funding of around 99 million, plus funding from development partners.
138. The aim of ANRAC is to rehabilitate and rebuild social infrastructure, … to develop conflict warning and prevention activities, as well as to address the social and environmental impact of conflicts. These activities complement those relating to … demining …
139. Alongside ANRAC, other activities have been launched for the protection of children as part of the partnership with UNICEF and various NGOs, aimed at improving the prevention of accidents due to land mines by providing training to 2,000 volunteers, establishing 15 community networks and displaying warning signs throughout Casamance drawing attention to the dangers of mines. In 120 villages, more than 40,000 children and their families were made aware of the dangers of mines. Teachers were trained in stress management and dealing with the dangers of mines, while child mine victims received psychosocial and material assistance through a partnership with Handicap International. Additionally, in 2007 the Government established a humanitarian demining programme through the National Anti-Mine Centre of Senegal. Demining operations began progressively in 2008 and 16 villages have been cleared, allowing their inhabitants to return. By mid-June 2012, 6 other villages were declared demined and ready to be repopulated.