Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Slovakia’s Criminal Code (1961), as amended, punishes any person who “misuses the insignia of the Red Cross, or other signs or colours recognized in international law as designating medical institutions or vehicles used for medical assistance or evacuation”.
Slovakia’s Law on the Red Cross Society and Emblem (1994) states:
In accordance with the  Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, the conclusions of the international conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent and rules of the International Committee of the Red Cross … for the use of the Red Cross sign and name by National Societies during peace time and war time, the sign and name of the Red Cross may only be used by:
a) the military health service for indication and protection of the health units and institutes of staff and material protected by the Geneva Conventions, their Additional Protocols and other international conventions regulating similar affairs by which the Slovak Republic is bound;
b) the Slovak Red Cross, its institutes and staff in their activity pursuant to letter a) and during peace time, and under the conditions stipulated by the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols;
c) the international organizations of the Red Cross and their staff under the conditions stipulated by the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols;
d) the operators of the vehicles intended as ambulances and the operators of rescue stations exclusively intended for free treatment of the wounded or sick; for indication of these ambulances and rescue stations during peace time only with the express approval of the Slovak Red Cross.
The Law also punishes any person who unlawfully uses the sign or name of the red cross “during the time of events to which the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols relate”.