Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Section B. Presence of combatants among the civilian population
Sweden’s IHL Manual (1991) states:
The presence of individual combatants, for example among gatherings of people, has sometimes entailed a belligerent considering himself entitled to launch an attack on the gathering, with particularly serious consequences. It is therefore laid down in Article 50 [of the 1977 Additional Protocol I] that the presence of individual combatants within the civilian population may not deprive this population of its civilian character and thus its protection.