Practice Relating to Rule 90. Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
Sudan’s Armed Forces Act (2007) provides:
(2) Subject to provisions of the Criminal Act of 1991, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years, whoever commits, within the framework of a methodical direct and widespread attack, directed against civilians, any of the following acts:
(c) torture … of any person.
In 2006, in its third periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, the Sudan stated:
Prohibition of torture is total and shall not be suspended even when a state of emergency is declared. Studies are under way with the intention of ratifying the Convention against Torture (CAT). It is noteworthy that Sudan had signed that Convention since 1986.
Reports from Iraq and Syria show gross, systematic and large-scale abuse of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law. … [T]orture … occur[s] in large scale and minority groups and women and children are particularly exposed. The government has in the strongest terms condemned ISIL and their brutal acts.
On 1 July 2014 a new Act on Criminal Responsibility for Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes entered into force. One purpose of the new Act is to enable prosecution of these crimes in Sweden to the same extent as at the International Criminal Court. The Act contains provisions on the crime of torture as part of … war crimes.