Practice Relating to Rule 97. Human Shields
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
It is prohibited by resorting to perfidy to use the movement of medical units and transports, civilians and prisoners of war or use their presence to shield the movement (manoeuvre) of military units or protect any areas (military objectives) when conducting combat operations.
With regard to prisoners of war, the Regulations states: “It is prohibited to use the prisoner of war collection sites as well as prisoners of war themselves as live shields to protect any objects or areas against enemy attacks.”