Related Rule
Russian Federation
Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) provides that it is a prohibited method of warfare “to use improperly distinctive emblems”. 
Russian Federation, Instructions on the Application of the Rules of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the USSR, Appendix to Order of the USSR Defence Minister No. 75, 1990, § 5(c).
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states: “The prohibited methods of warfare include … making improper use of the … international distinctive emblem of the Red Cross (Red Crescent).” 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 7.
The Regulations further states: “When organizing and conducting cover and concealment of military objectives it is prohibited to make use of … international distinctive emblems, signs and signals.” 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 137.
With regard to internal armed conflict, the Regulations provides:
[T]he distinctive emblem (a red cross on a white ground) shall be carried and displayed in clearly visible places by medical and religious personnel, medical units and medical transports. It shall be respected in all circumstances, it shall not be used improperly. 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 83.