Related Rule
Russian Federation
Practice Relating to Rule 34. Journalists
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
journalists means persons who are not members of the armed forces and who are on professional missions in areas of armed conflicts. Journalists are considered civilians and enjoy protection stipulated by international humanitarian law on condition that they do not commit any acts incompatible with their civilian status. 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 1.
In its judgment in the Situation in Chechnya case in 1995, the Russian Federation’s Constitutional Court held that several orders and decrees issued by the Russian Government in 1994 which deprived journalists working in the conflict zone of their accreditation were unconstitutional. 
Russian Federation, Constitutional Court, Situation in Chechnya case, Judgment, 31 July 1995.