Practice Relating to Rule 28. Medical Units
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) states that “attack, bombardment or destruction of medical facilities” is a prohibited method of warfare.
The manual further lists among the responsibilities of commanders in peacetime “to ensure that medical units, establishments and facilities are located in such a way that their security will not be jeopardized during attacks against military objectives”.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states: “objects protected by international humanitarian law
include … medical units … Attacks against such objects are prohibited by international humanitarian law with the exception of cases stipulated by this law.”
With regard to internal armed conflicts, the Regulations states:
Medical units … shall be respected and protected at all times and shall not be the object of attack except for cases when they are used to commit hostile acts. Protection may, however, cease only after a warning has been given and after such warning has remained unheeded.