Practice Relating to Rule 2. Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) considers that “the use of terror against the local population” is a prohibited method of warfare.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states: “The prohibited methods of warfare include … terrorizing the civilian population.”
With regard to internal armed conflict, the Regulations further states: “Acts or threats of violence the primary purpose of which is to spread terror among the civilian population shall be prohibited.”