Related Rule
Russian Federation
Practice Relating to Rule 157. Jurisdiction over War Crimes
The Russian Federation’s Criminal Code (1996) provides:
1. Nationals of the Russian Federation and stateless persons permanently residing in the Russian Federation who have committed a crime outside the borders of the Russian Federation shall incur criminal responsibility under the present Code if the act they have committed is recognized as a crime in the state where it has been committed and if these persons have not been convicted in a foreign state. When convicting such persons the punishment cannot exceed the highest limit of the sanction specified in the law of the foreign state where the crime has been committed.
2. Members of the armed units of the Russian Federation located outside the borders of the Russian Federation for crimes committed within the territory of a foreign state shall incur criminal responsibility under the present Code if not provided for otherwise by an international treaty to which the Russian Federation is a party.
3. Foreigners and stateless persons who are not permanent residents of the Russian Federation who have committed a crime outside the borders of the Russian Federation shall incur criminal responsibility under the present Code in cases when the crime was directed against the interests of the Russian Federation and in cases provided for by an international treaty to which the Russian Federation is a party if they have not been convicted in a foreign state and if criminal proceedings against them are instituted within the territory of the Russian Federation. 
Russian Federation, Criminal Code, 1996, Article 12(1)–(3).