Related Rule
Russian Federation
Practice Relating to Rule 149. Responsibility for Violations of International Humanitarian Law
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) notes: “IHL lays down: … the responsibility of States … as regards violations of the rules of IHL.” 
Russian Federation, Instructions on the Application of the Rules of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the USSR, Appendix to Order of the USSR Defence Minister No. 75, 1990, § 1.