Related Rule
Russian Federation
Practice Relating to Rule 144. Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
In 2008, in a statement before the UN Security Council on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the permanent representative of the Russian Federation stated:
Another source of considerable concern is the activity of private guard enterprises, which often grossly violate the rights of civilians. First and foremost, we are speaking here of the behaviour of such companies in Iraq that have caused injuries to and deaths of civilians, including women and children. It should be emphasized that under international law the responsibility for the actions of such groups in many cases is borne by the States that hire them. 
Russian Federation, Statement by the permanent representative of the Russian Federation at a UN Security Council meeting on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, 5898th meeting, 27 May 2008.
In 2009, in a statement before the UN Security Council on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the permanent representative of the Russian Federation stated:
Despite the existence of a host of international legal instruments and normative mechanisms, entirely innocent civilians continue to suffer in conflict situations, including women, children and older persons and humanitarian personnel providing assistance to them. We are convinced that, in order to address the situation, we must abandon selective approaches to violations of international humanitarian law. …
The protection of civilians is a top priority for the Governments of States involved in conflict, but the responsibility to provide for the safety and security of civilians is borne by all parties to an armed conflict. In order to resolve such situations, the international community must effectively seek scrupulous compliance by all parties with the norms of international humanitarian law and the relevant decisions of the Security Council. 
Russian Federation, Statement by the permanent representative of the Russian Federation at a UN Security Council meeting on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, 6066th meeting, 14 January 2009.
In 2010, in a statement before the UN Security Council on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the permanent representative of the Russian Federation stated:
I would emphasize that only steadfast compliance by all parties with the norms of international humanitarian law and Security Council decisions, as well as the rejection of selective and unilateral approaches in interpreting violations, can promote improvements in conflict situations and strengthen genuine protection for civilians in armed conflicts. 
Russian Federation, Statement by the permanent representative of the Russian Federation at a UN Security Council meeting on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, 6354th meeting, 7 July 2010.