Related Rule
Russian Federation
Practice Relating to Rule 107. Spies
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
spies means persons who, acting clandestinely, or on false pretences, obtain, or seek to obtain information within the territory controlled by a party to the conflict to be further transmitted to the adverse party.
Members of the armed forces engaged in gathering information in the territory controlled by the adverse party shall not be considered as spies and shall have the right to the prisoner of war status provided they were wearing the uniform of their armed forces when captured by the enemy. 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 1.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
When fallen into the power of the adversary, neither spies nor mercenaries shall have the right to prisoner-of-war status and shall be subject to punishment for their activities. However, sentences with respect to the above persons shall only be passed with previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court and the accused shall be provided with the generally recognized guarantees of court defence. 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 1.