Related Rule
Russian Federation
Practice Relating to Rule 106. Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
Combatants have the right to take a direct part in combat operations and, if captured by the enemy, the right to be granted the prisoner of war status. Combatants are obliged to comply with the rules of international humanitarian law in their activities and to distinguish themselves from the civilian population at least by carrying their arms openly during each military engagement or while being visible to the enemy before the engagement. 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 1.
The Regulations further states:
In case of doubt whether a person taking part in hostilities and falling into the hands of the enemy is a prisoner of war, this person is considered prisoner of war until his status is clarified by a court of justice. 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 1.
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) provides that participants in a levée en masse enjoy prisoner-of-war status upon capture provided they carry arms openly and respect IHL. 
Russian Federation, Instructions on the Application of the Rules of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the USSR, Appendix to Order of the USSR Defence Minister No. 75, 1990, § 13.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
In addition [to captured combatants], the following persons captured by the enemy are also prisoners of war:
- inhabitants of a non-occupied territory, who on the approach of the enemy spontaneously take up arms to resist the invading forces, without having had time to form themselves into regular armed units, provided they carry arms openly and respect the rules of international humanitarian law. 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 1.
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) provides that members of organized resistance movements enjoy prisoner-of-war status upon capture provided they fulfil the conditions set out in Article 4(A)(2) of the 1949 Geneva Convention III. 
Russian Federation, Instructions on the Application of the Rules of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the USSR, Appendix to Order of the USSR Defence Minister No. 75, 1990, § 13.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
In addition [to captured combatants], the following persons captured by the enemy are also prisoners of war:
- members of militias and of volunteer corps, including those of organized resistance movements, belonging to a party to the conflict. 
Russian Federation, Regulations on the Application of International Humanitarian Law by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 8 August 2001, § 1.