Portugal
Practice Relating to the Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
Portugal’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs acknowledged in October 2000 that Portugal’s official publication of the 1997 Ottawa Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines on 23 November 1999 “does not achieve total legislative implementation of the Treaty through the imposition of penal sanctions and this matter should be handled at an inter-ministry level”. 
ICBL, Landmines Monitor Report 2001, August 2001, p. 761.
In January 2001, the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defence stated that Portugal “is currently studying the way, in coordination with the different competent entities, to create internal legislation on this matter”. Nevertheless, they pointed out that Portugal had existing legislation which punished the possession, transportation, selling or production of explosive devices and substances. 
Portugal, Penal Code, 1996, Article 275(1).
Portugal first voiced its support for an immediate and total ban on anti-personnel mines on 3 May 1996 during the negotiations on the Amended Protocol II to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. At the same time, Portugal also announced an indefinite moratorium on landmine production, export and use, except for training purposes. 
Landmine Monitor Report 1999: Toward a Mine-Free World, available at http://www.the-monitor.org/index.php/publications/display?act=submit&pqs_year=1999&pqs_type=lm&pqs_report=portugal&pqs_section=; Country Profiles, United Nations Demining Database, http:www.un.org.Depts/Landmine/ (Ref. 3/10/99).
Portugal took part in all the preparatory meetings for the adoption of a treaty banning anti-personnel landmines, endorsed the Final Declaration of the Brussels Conference on Anti-personnel Landmines in June 1997 and was a full participant in the Oslo negotiations in September 1997. It also voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolutions in support of a ban on anti-personnel landmines in 1996, 1997 and 1998. 
Landmine Monitor Report 1999: Toward a Mine-Free World, available at http://www.the-monitor.org/index.php/publications/display?act=submit&pqs_year=1999&pqs_type=lm&pqs_report=portugal&pqs_section=.