Related Rule
Poland
Practice Relating to Rule 116. Accounting for the Dead
Poland’s Procedures Governing the Interment of Soldiers Killed in Action (2009) states in the section on “Marking the graves”:
A container should be placed on top of each grave, containing basic information to facilitate the identification of the remains buried there. It is recommended that information relating to the buried bodies be written in indelible ink on paper … and include the following details:
- Surname and name, initials or other information pertaining to the deceased, such as a pseudonym
- Rank or professional post held
- Gender
- Service number
- Number of military unit
- Date and cause of death (if known)
- Date of burial
- Name of person who performed the burial
- Religious faith
- Nature of contamination (if any occurred and can be described)
- Circumstances of death and names of witnesses, if known
When digging group or trench graves, the following principles shall be respected:
- Draft lists relating to the deceased persons buried in the grave …
If the remains cannot be identified, the aim should be to at least indicate the number of bodies in each grave. 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.3.
The Procedures also states: “Civilian members of the armed forces who had not participated in hostilities shall be buried in line with procedures established for the burial of the bodies of soldiers.” 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.4.2.
The Procedures further states: “If an emergency burial has taken place, a report shall be drawn up by the army unit performing the burial. … The chaplain performing the burial, irrespective of their faith, should record the deceased in the register of births and deaths, in the section pertaining to the deaths.” 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.5.1.
The Procedures also states:
In the case of identity tags belonging to deceased United States nationals (soldiers):
- One tag shall be placed with the body
- The second tag shall be placed on the grave.
Identity tags belonging to deceased members of the national or allied armed forces shall be split in two parts, and
- one part shall be placed with the body, preferably in the mouth of the deceased. 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.7.
Poland’s Procedures Governing the Interment of Soldiers Killed in Action (2009) states: “Detailed information shall also be provided on the location of the grave [of the bodies of persons whose identity cannot be verified]”. 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.4.3.
Poland’s Procedures Governing the Interment of Soldiers Killed in Action (2009), in a section on “Marking the graves”, states:
A container should be placed on top of each grave, containing basic information to facilitate the identification of the remains buried there. …
The container shall be half-buried in the grave, with its lid pointing downwards.
When digging group or trench graves, the following principles shall be respected:
- Place a marker indicating the type of grave used. 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.3.
The Procedures further states: “In the case of identity tags belonging to deceased United States nationals (soldiers): … The second tag shall be placed on the grave.” 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.7.
Poland’s Procedures Governing the Interment of Soldiers Killed in Action (2009) states: “In the case of an emergency burial, the following principles shall apply: … Facilitate the exhumation and identification of bodies”. 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.1.
The Procedures further states: “When selecting the burial site and digging the graves, the aim should be to ensure that: … [they] are laid out in such a way as to facilitate the exhumation and identification of bodies.” 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.2.
The Procedures also states: “Civilian members of the armed forces who had not participated in hostilities shall be buried in line with procedures established for the burial of the bodies of soldiers.” 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.4.2.
The Procedures further states:
The bodies of persons whose identity cannot be verified shall be buried in the same way as unidentified bodies. … In the place where the name and surname of the fallen or deceased person is recorded, the word “unknown” shall be written …
If information is available that could help to identify the body, it shall be noted down as accurately as possible. This information should refer to the physical characteristics of the fallen or deceased person, such as their gender, estimated age, height, dentition, etc., as well as a description of the numbers and insignia on their uniform, the equipment the deceased had carried and any vehicles they would have driven (in combat).
Detailed information shall also be provided on the location of the grave and, if circumstances permit, fingerprints shall be taken from the deceased. 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.4.3.
The Procedures also states: “If it is not possible to establish the personal details of the deceased, their personal effects, and half of their identity tag shall be sent to the Records Office.” 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.6.2.
Poland’s Procedures Governing the Interment of Soldiers Killed in Action (2009) states:
A copy of the [burial] report should be sent to:
- in the case of the burial of fallen or deceased members of the allied forces: NATO headquarters, who will pass the report on to national headquarters.
- the Military Personnel Records Office or the Information Bureau of the Polish Red Cross.
The Records Office should also receive a report on the burial of soldiers belonging to enemy forces, together with a list of buried allied and enemy soldiers. 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.5.2.
The Procedures also states: “Identity tags belonging to deceased members of the national or allied armed forces shall be split in two parts, and … [one] part should be sent to the headquarters of the unit responsible for the burial of the fallen and the dead.” 
Poland, Norma Obronna NO-02-A053:2004, Działania wojenne Procedury pochówku poległych i zmarłych, enacted by decision No. 134/MON related to the Approval and Enforcement of Regulatory Instruments in Respect of State Defence and Security, 21 April 2009, published in the Official Gazette of the Ministry of National Defence, No. 8, Item 99, April 2009, Section 2.7.