Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
Pakistan’s Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Ordinance (2000) states:
(1) In this Ordinance, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context, –
(c ) “chemical weapons” means –
(i) a toxic chemical and its precursor, except where intended for permitted purposes, as long as types and quantities are consistent with such purposes;
(ii) a munitions or device, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of a toxic chemical specified in sub-clause (i), which would be released as a result of the employment of such munition or device; or
(iii) any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of a munition or device specified in sub-clause (ii).
3. Prohibition on development, etc, of chemical weapons
(1) No person shall –
(a) develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile or retain a chemical weapon, or transfer, directly or indirectly, a chemical weapon to anyone;
(b) use a chemical weapon;
(c) engage in any military preparations to use a chemical weapon;
(d) assist, encourage or induce, in any way, any other person to engage in any activity prohibited to a under the Convention; or
(e) use a riot control agent as a method of warfare.
At the 1986 Session of the Conference on Disarmament, Pakistan declared that it “neither possesses chemical weapons nor desires to acquire them”.
In 1987, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Pakistan stated that it was committed to a global ban on chemical weapons.
Pakistan accused India of using chemical weapons in the Jammu and Kashmir region in 1999.
The allegation was vigorously denied by India, which called it “totally absurd”.