Practice Relating to Rule 98. Enforced Disappearance
The Philippines’ Executive Order No. 8 (1986), creating the Presidential Committee on Human Rights, states that the Committee shall have the following functions:
Investigate complaints it may receive, cases known to it or to its members and such cases as the President may, from time to time assign to it, of unexplained or forced disappearances, extra-judicial killings (salvaging), massacres, torture … and other violations of human rights, past or present, committed by officers or agents of the national government or persons acting in their place or stead or under their orders, express or implied.
In 1993, the Government of the Philippines created a Task Force on Involuntary Disappearances to assist relatives of the disappeared in discovering the fate of their family members.