Practice Relating to Rule 98. Enforced Disappearance
Section B. Preventive measures
Peru’s Regulations to the Law on the National Information Register on Disappeared Persons (2003) states:
Any institution that processes information on persons located in health care centres, shelters, detention or internment centres must inform, subject to liability, the [National Information] Register [on Disappeared Persons] about the presence of such persons, without prejudice to the fulfilment of police requirements.
In the case of unidentified persons, the Register must be informed within 24 hours.
In 2007, in the Chuschi case, the National Criminal Chamber of Peru’s Supreme Court of Justice stated:
[T]he international community has recognised enforced disappearance as a crime against humanity. Enforced disappearance constitutes an assault on various fundamental human rights. States are obliged to adopt legislative, administrative and political measures to prevent … this crime against humanity.