Practice Relating to the Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
On 12 September 1996, Panama’s Foreign Minister joined his Central American counterparts in declaring the region a mine-free zone in a statement signed by each nation’s Foreign Minister, committing not to produce, trade or use anti-personnel mines. Panama endorsed the Final Declaration of the Brussels Conference on Anti-personnel Landmines in June 1997 but attended the Oslo negotiations in September 1997 only as an observer. It voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolutions in support of a ban on anti-personnel landmines in 1996, 1997 and 1998, as well as the relevant OAS resolutions. 
Landmine Monitor Report 1999: Toward a Mine-Free World, available at