Related Rule
New Zealand
Practice Relating to Rule 3. Definition of Combatants
New Zealand’s Military Manual (1992) states: “Normally only members of a belligerent State’s armed forces enjoy the status of combatants.” 
New Zealand, Interim Law of Armed Conflict Manual, DM 112, New Zealand Defence Force, Headquarters, Directorate of Legal Services, Wellington, November 1992, § 802(1).