Related Rule
New Zealand
Practice Relating to Rule 152. Command Responsibility for Orders to Commit War Crimes
New Zealand’s Military Manual (1992) states: “A commander giving an order to commit a war crime or grave breach is equally guilty of that offence with the person actually committing it.” 
New Zealand, Interim Law of Armed Conflict Manual, DM 112, New Zealand Defence Force, Headquarters, Directorate of Legal Services, Wellington, November 1992, § 1706(1).