Related Rule
New Zealand
Practice Relating to Rule 149. Responsibility for Violations of International Humanitarian Law
New Zealand’s Military Manual (1992), referring to Article 51 of the 1949 Geneva Convention I, Article 52 of the 1949 Geneva Convention II, Article 131 of the 1949 Geneva Convention III and Article 148 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, states: “Insofar as the liability of the State is concerned, it is important to note that the Geneva Conventions provide that no Contracting Party is able to absolve itself of liability for any grave breach of those Conventions.” 
New Zealand, Interim Law of Armed Conflict Manual, DM 112, New Zealand Defence Force, Headquarters, Directorate of Legal Services, Wellington, November 1992, § 1605(2).