Practice Relating to Rule 146. Reprisals against Protected Persons
Section D. Civilians in the power of the adversary
New Zealand’s Military Manual (1992), in the chapter dealing with civilians and referring to Articles 32–34 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, states: “The following are … prohibited: … the taking of reprisals against protected persons and their property”.
In a chapter dealing with reprisals and referring to Article 33 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV and Article 73 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, the manual states: “Reprisals against the following categories of persons and objects are prohibited … d) civilians in the hands of a Party to the conflict of which they are not nationals, including inhabitants of occupied territory”.