Practice Relating to Rule 109. Search for, Collection and Evacuation of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
New Zealand’s Military Manual (1992) provides: “The Parties to a conflict are obliged to take all possible measures to search for and collect, without delay, the wounded, sick and shipwrecked”.
The manual further provides:
In the case of a land engagement, agreements between the commanders, whether by armistice or cease-fire, may be made for the exchange, removal and transport of the wounded left on the field. In both land and sea engagements, arrangements may be made for the removal of the wounded and sick from a besieged or encircled area and for the passage of medical personnel and chaplains proceeding to such an area.
With regard to non-international armed conflict, the manual states: “After any engagement and whenever circumstances permit, all possible steps must be taken, without delay, to search for and collect the wounded, sick and shipwrecked”.