Related Rule
Nepal
Practice Relating to Rule 132. Return of Displaced Persons
In 2004, in a declaration of commitment on the implementation of human rights and international humanitarian law, the Prime Minister of Nepal stated: “The right of the displaced persons to return to their homes or to the places of their choice shall be ensured.” 
Nepal, Declaration of commitment on the implementation of human rights and international humanitarian law, 26 March 2004, § 12.
In its National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons adopted in 2007, Nepal stated:
1. Background
Due to natural disasters, human-made circumstances and disasters, armed conflict and situations of violence and fears having [been] created therefrom, persons and families are forcefully displaced from their homes or places of their habitual residence and thus they are time and again required to face such situations that force them to reside in other parts of the country. …
Therefore, the State is required to make appropriate provisions for their return to their place of habitual residence or for settling them voluntarily in other places in the country. …
3. Definition[s]:
For the purpose of these Policies:
(a) “Internally Displaced Person” means a person who is living somewhere else in the country after having [been] forced to flee or leave their home or place of habitual residence due to armed conflict or situation of violence or gross violations of human rights or natural disasters or human-made disasters … or with an intention of avoiding the effects of such situations.
6. Objectives
6.3 To create an environment conducive for the safe, voluntary and dignified return of displaced persons or the construction and rehabilitation of social [and] economic infrastructures for their settlement in other locations.
8. Policies
In relation to internal displacement, the following policies will be adopted:
8.3 Regarding Rehabilitation
8.3.1 Displaced persons or families will have the freedom of returning voluntarily to the places of their permanent … [residence] from where they were … [originally] displaced or of residing in the place of current … [residence] or … [of rehabilitation] in other places of their choice within the country. Each of the displaced persons will be provided with opportunities to return to his/her place of habitual residence, … [rehabilitation] and also … integrating with their disintegrated family.
9. Programmes
For the implementation of abovementioned strategies and policies, the following programmes will be undertaken:-
9.7 Programmes for returning displaced persons safely to their respective [places of] permanent … [residence]. 
Nepal, National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, 22 February 2007, §§ 1, 3, 6.3, 8, 8.3.1, 9 and 9.7.
In its National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons adopted in 2007, Nepal stated:
1. Background
Due to natural disasters, human-made circumstances and disasters, armed conflict and situations of violence and fears having [been] created therefrom, persons and families are forcefully displaced from their homes or places of their habitual residence and thus they are time and again required to face such situations that force them to reside in other parts of the country. …
Therefore, the State is required to make appropriate provisions for their return to their place of habitual residence or for settling them voluntarily in other places in the country. …
3. Definition[s]:
For the purpose of these Policies:
(a) “Internally Displaced Person” means a person who is living somewhere else in the country after having [been] forced to flee or leave their home or place of habitual residence due to armed conflict or situation of violence or gross violations of human rights or natural disasters or human-made disasters … or with an intention of avoiding the effects of such situations.
5. Mission
To rehabilitate the internally displaced persons or families with respect, safety and on a voluntary basis and to assist in the reconstruction of physical infrastructure and to adopt preventive as well as sustainable measures for re-socialization in order to prevent the re-emergence of such situations in the future.
6. Objectives
6.3 To create an environment conducive for the safe, voluntary and dignified return of displaced persons or the construction and rehabilitation of social [and] economic infrastructures for their settlement in other locations.
7. Strategies
In order to achieve the objectives of these policies, the following strategies will be adopted:
7.12 Displaced persons or families will be encouraged to voluntarily return to their places of habitual residence. For this purpose, an appropriate rehabilitation plan will be formulated and implemented.
8. Policies
In relation to internal displacement, the following policies will be adopted:
8.3 Regarding Rehabilitation
8.3.1 Displaced persons or families will have the freedom of returning voluntarily to the places of their permanent … [residence] from where they were … [originally] displaced or of residing in the place of current … [residence] or … [of rehabilitation] in other places of their choice within the country. Each of the displaced persons will be provided with opportunities to return to his/her place of habitual residence, … [rehabilitation] and also … integrating with their disintegrated family.
8.3.6 While formulating the necessary [rehabilitation] programmes for … displaced persons …, their participation will be mobilized. Special priority will be given to the participation of women.
9. Programmes
For the implementation of abovementioned strategies and policies, the following programmes will be undertaken:-
9.7 Programmes for returning displaced persons safely to their respective [places of] permanent … [residence]. 
Nepal, National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, 22 February 2007, §§ 1, 3, 5, 6.3, 7.12, 8.3.1, 8.3.6 and 9.7.