Related Rule
Nepal
Practice Relating to Rule 131. Treatment of Displaced Persons
In 2007, in its National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, Nepal stated:
1. Background
Due to natural disasters, human-made circumstances and disasters, armed conflict and situations of violence and fears having [been] created therefrom, persons and families are forcefully displaced from their homes or places of their habitual residence and thus they are time and again required to face such situations that force them to reside in other parts of the country. …
Therefore, the State is required to play a leading role to … make provisions for immediate relief and the necessary humanitarian support and services …
3. Definitions:
For the purpose of these Policies:
(a) “Internally Displaced Person” means a person who is living somewhere else in the country after having [been] forced to flee or leave their home or place of habitual residence due to armed conflict or situation of violence or gross violations of human rights or natural disasters or human-made disasters … or with an intention of avoiding the effects of such situations.
6. Objectives
6.2 To provide relief, benefits and facilities by developing integrated and coordinated mechanisms with the involvement, among others, of displaced persons for the protection of the fundamental rights and basic human rights of internally displaced persons and [the] minimization of adverse effects to be inflicted on local communities as a result of displaced persons.
7. Strategies
In order to achieve the objectives of these policies, the following strategies will be adopted:
7.4 Technical and financial means and resources … required for providing basic services of employment, education and health to internally displaced persons will be collected and mobilized …
8.2. Regarding Relief
8.2.1 By looking into the situation of displaced persons, certain norms will be developed to immediately provide relief, and provisions will be made to distribute the relief accordingly. Similarly, a temporary arrangement … [for shelters] will be made until the permanent and safe [provision of accommodation] … is managed.
8.2.2 Based on the situation of means and resources, arrangements for the availability of proper shelter, security, food grain and health facilities will be made for displaced persons or families … [by] governmental and other bodies concerned.
8.2.3 In order to provide immediately the necessary protection and humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons, governmental as well as other concerned bodies will … [work in an] action[-]oriented [way].
9. Programmes
For the implementation of the above mentioned strategies and policies, the following programmes will be undertaken:
9.2 Programmes on relief and temporary housing facilities for internally displaced persons. 
Nepal, National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, 22 February 2007, §§ 1, 3, 6.2, 7, 7.4, 8.2.1–8.2.3, 9 and 9.2.
In 2007, in its National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, Nepal stated:
1. Background
Due to natural disasters, human-made circumstances and disasters, armed conflict and situations of violence and fears having [been] created therefrom, persons and families are forcefully displaced from their homes or places of their habitual residence and thus they are time and again required to face such situations that force them to reside in other parts of the country. …
Therefore, the State is required to … provide security to displaced persons …
3. Definition[s]:
For the purpose of these Policies:
(a) “Internally Displaced Person” means a person who is living somewhere else in the country after having [been] forced to flee or leave their home or place of habitual residence due to armed conflict or situation of violence or gross violations of human rights or natural disasters or human-made disasters … or with an intention of avoiding the effects of such situations.
8. Policies
In relation to internal displacement, the following policies will be adopted:
8.1 Regarding Human Rights Protection
8.1.5 Arrangements … [for] appropriate security will be made in case … any person is forcibly displaced from his/her home or place of habitual residence due to violent conflict. 
Nepal, National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, 22 February 2007, §§ 1, 3, 8 and 8.1.5.
Armed groups carry out attacks against internally displaced people, terrorizing them and robbing them of any hope for security … We urge the Government of Sudan to … protect civilians, in particular, individuals living in camps as a result of being internally displaced. 
New Zealand, Statement by the representative of Canada before the UN Commission on Human Rights on the human rights situation in Sudan, made on behalf of Canada, Australia and New Zealand, 2005, p. 1.
In 2007, in its National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, Nepal stated:
1. Background
Due to natural disasters, human-made circumstances and disasters, armed conflict and situations of violence and fears having [been] created therefrom, persons and families are forcefully displaced from their homes or places of their habitual residence and thus they are time and again required to face such situations that force them to reside in other parts of the country. …
3. Definition[s]:
For the purpose of these Policies:
(a) “Internally Displaced Person” means a person who is living somewhere else in the country after having [been] forced to flee or leave their home or place of habitual residence due to armed conflict or situation of violence or gross violations of human rights or natural disasters or human-made disasters … or with an intention of avoiding the effects of such situations.
8.3 Regarding … [Reintegration]
8.3.1 Displaced persons or families will have the freedom of returning voluntarily to the places of their permanent … [residence] from where they were … [originally] displaced or of residing in the place of current … [residence] or … [of rehabilitation] in other places of their choice within the country. Each of the displaced persons will be provided with opportunities to return to his/her place of habitual residence, … [rehabilitation] and also … integrating with their disintegrated family. 
Nepal, National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, 22 February 2007, §§ 1, 3 and 8.3.1.
In 2007, in its National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, Nepal stated:
1. Background
Due to natural disasters, human-made circumstances and disasters, armed conflict and situations of violence and fears having [been] created therefrom, persons and families are forcefully displaced from their homes or places of their habitual residence and thus they are time and again required to face such situations that force them to reside in other parts of the country. …
3. Definition[s]:
For the purpose of these Policies:
(a) “Internally Displaced Person” means a person who is living somewhere else in the country after having [been] forced to flee or leave their home or place of habitual residence due to armed conflict or situation of violence or gross violations of human rights or natural disasters or human-made disasters … or with an intention of avoiding the effects of such situations.
7. Strategies
In order to achieve the objectives of these policies, the following strategies will be adopted:
7.10 Specially targeted programmes will be … [implemented] to protect the rights of … [certain] displaced persons such as women, the elderly, children, orphans, disabled persons and similar types of vulnerable groups or persons with special risks.
8. Policies
In relation to internal displacement, the following policies will be adopted:
8.2. Regarding Relief
8.2.4 Taking into consideration the conditions of vulnerable displaced persons such as orphan children without guardians, pregnant women, single women and mothers with small children, the disabled and the elderly, … humanitarian assistance and treatment will be provided [to them] with priority.
8.3 Regarding Rehabilitation
8.3.1 Displaced persons or families will have the freedom of returning voluntarily to the places of their permanent … [residence] from where they were … [originally] displaced or of residing in the place of current … [residence] or … [of rehabilitation] in other places of their choice within the country. Each of the displaced persons will be provided with opportunities to return to his/her place of habitual residence, … [rehabilitation] and also … integrating with their disintegrated family.
8.3.6 While formulating the necessary [rehabilitation] programmes for … displaced persons …, their participation will be mobilized. Special priority will be given to the participation of women.
9. Programmes
For the implementation of abovementioned strategies and policies, the following programmes will be undertaken:-
9.13 Programmes specially targeted at women, the elderly, children and orphans, disabled persons and other such persons. 
Nepal, National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, 22 February 2007, §§ 1, 3, 7, 7.10, 8, 8.2.4, 8.3.1, 8.3.6, 9, and 9.13.
In 2007, in its National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, Nepal stated:
1. Background
Due to natural disasters, human-made circumstances and disasters, armed conflict and situations of violence and fears having [been] created therefrom, persons and families are forcefully displaced from their homes or places of their habitual residence and thus they are time and again required to face such situations that force them to reside in other parts of the country. …
3. Definitions:
For the purpose of these Policies:
(a) “Internally Displaced Person” means a person who is living somewhere else in the country after having [been] forced to flee or leave their home or place of habitual residence due to armed conflict or situation of violence or gross violations of human rights or natural disasters or human-made disasters … or with an intention of avoiding the effects of such situations.
7. Strategies
In order to achieve the objectives of these policies, the following strategies will be adopted:
7.2 In order to perform the necessary functions in relation to internal displacement, an institutional mechanism of the government will be developed and integrated and coordinated efforts of local bodies, national and international non-governmental organisations, community organisations, donor agencies, various political parties including private sectors will be mobilized.
10. Policy Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation
10.4 An appropriate environment will be created so that international humanitarian and other appropriate institutions could provide support to displaced persons. 
Nepal, National Policies on Internally Displaced Persons, 22 February 2007, §§ 1, 3, 7, 7.2, 10 and 10.4.