Practice Relating to Rule 32. Humanitarian Relief Objects
Norway’s Military Penal Code (1902), as amended in 1981, provides:
Anyone who contravenes or is accessory to the contravention of provisions relating to the protection of persons or property laid down in … the two additional protocols to [the 1949 Geneva] Conventions … is liable to imprisonment.
Norway’s Penal Code (1902), as amended in 2008, states:
Any person is liable to punishment for a war crime who in connection with an armed conflict … directs an attack against … installations, material, medical units or vehicles involved in a humanitarian assistance … mission … as long as they are entitled to the protection given to … property/civilian objects under international law.
In 2006, during a debate in the UN Security Council regarding the situation in Lebanon and Gaza, the Norwegian Minister for Foreign Affairs stated: “[H]umanitarian and relief workers must be given unrestricted and safe access both for themselves and for relief supplies.”