Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 28. Medical Units
Norway’s Military Penal Code (1902), as amended in 1981, provides:
Anyone who contravenes or is accessory to the contravention of provisions relating to the protection of persons or property laid down in … the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 … [and in] the two additional protocols to these Conventions … is liable to imprisonment. 
Norway, Military Penal Code, 1902, as amended in 1981, § 108.
Norway’s Penal Code (1902), as amended in 2008, states: “Any person is liable to punishment for a war crime who in connection with an armed conflict … directs an attack against … hospitals and places where the sick and wounded are collected”. 
Norway, Penal Code, 1902, as amended in 2008, § 106(f).
In 1980, during a debate in the UN Security Council concerning an attack on UNIFIL headquarters in southern Lebanon, Norway strongly condemned “the deliberate shelling on the United Nations field hospital, which under international law enjoys special protection. The fact that that hospital serves the civilian population as well makes the matter even more serious.” 
Norway, Statement before the UN Security Council, UN Doc. S/PV.2215, 15 April 1980, § 7.
In 2009, in a statement on Gaza before the UN General Assembly, the permanent representative of Norway stated: “Norway also strongly condemns Israel’s shelling of the al-Quds Hospital of the Palestinian Red Crescent. Such attacks are completely unacceptable and contrary to international law.” 
Norway, Statement by the permanent representative of Norway before the UN General Assembly during a debate on Gaza, 16 January 2009.
For more than 150 years, the international community has been in agreement that warfare should be made less inhumane, through the rules and principles of international humanitarian law. Civilians should be protected in armed conflict. … However, these rules and principles are challenged and sometimes even ignored. … This is for instance the case in Syria (and Iraq) where hospitals … are being made the actual targets of warfare. This must stop. 
Norway, Statement by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sweden before the UN Security Council during a debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict made on behalf of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, 30 January 2015.