Related Rule
Netherlands
Practice Relating to Rule 60. Improper Use of the United Nations Emblem or Uniform
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands provides that it is “prohibited to misuse … the emblem of the United Nations”. 
Netherlands, Toepassing Humanitair Oorlogsrecht, Voorschift No. 27-412/1, Koninklijke Landmacht, Ministerie van Defensie, 1993, p. IV-3.
The manual further states that “the misuse of … recognized protective signs (UN for example)” is a grave breach of the 1977 Additional Protocol I. 
Netherlands, Toepassing Humanitair Oorlogsrecht, Voorschift No. 27-412/1, Koninklijke Landmacht, Ministerie van Defensie, 1993, p. IX-5.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states: “It is also forbidden to misuse the emblem of the United Nations.” 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, § 0416.
Under the International Crimes Act (2003) of the Netherlands, “making improper use … of the flag or of the military insignia and uniform … of the United Nations, … resulting in death or serious personal injury”, is a crime, when committed in an international armed conflict. 
Netherlands, International Crimes Act, 2003, Article 5(3)(f).