Related Rule
Netherlands
Practice Relating to Rule 52. Pillage
Section B. Pillage committed by civilians
Under the International Crimes Act (2003) of the Netherlands, “anyone” who pillages a town or place, even when taken by assault, commits a crime, whether in time of international or non-international armed conflict. 
Netherlands, International Crimes Act, 2003, Articles 5(5)(q) and 6(3)(e).