Practice Relating to Rule 147. Reprisals against Protected Objects
Section F. Works and installations containing dangerous forces
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands, in the chapter dealing with reprisals and referring, inter alia
, to Article 56 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, states: “Reprisals against dams, dikes and nuclear power plants are forbidden.”
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
In the history of warfare, reprisals carried out have often exceeded the set limits. This has led to the current prohibition, in the humanitarian law of war and specifically in AP I [1977 Additional Protocol I], of reprisals against several groups of people and objects.
The following are now forbidden as reprisals:
- attacks on dams, dikes and nuclear power stations.
In its chapter on behaviour in battle, the manual states: “It is prohibited to undertake reprisals against dams, dikes and power stations.”
In its chapter on the protection of the civilian population, the manual states that “reprisals against protected persons and their property are prohibited”.