Related Rule
Netherlands
Practice Relating to Rule 135. Children
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands states: “Children shall be protected against any form of indecent assault. Children shall be provided with the care and aid they require, because of their age.” 
Netherlands, Toepassing Humanitair Oorlogsrecht, Voorschift No. 27-412/1, Koninklijke Landmacht, Ministerie van Defensie, 1993, p. VIII-3.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states that “children are entitled to special protection. The parties to a conflict should give them the care and help they need.” 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, p. 16.
In its chapter on the protection of the civilian population, the manual states: “Children should be the object of special respect and protected against any form of indecent assault. Children should be given the care and help they need because of their age.” 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, § 0811.
In its chapter on non-international armed conflict, the manual states:
1060. Children must receive the care and help that they need.
1061. This involves: receiving an upbringing, including religious and moral, in accordance with the wishes of the parents or carers; facilitating the reuniting of families whose members have been temporarily separated; not being called up for service in the armed forces or armed groups, if they are under the age of fifteen; not allowing them to participate in the hostilities; special protection for such children if, despite the foregoing, they have taken part in hostilities and have been taken prisoner; and adopting measures (including temporary escorting, by adults responsible for their safety and wellbeing, as far as possible with the consent of their parents or carers) whenever children have to be transferred outside the area of hostilities to a safer part of the country. 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, §§ 1060–1061.
Upon ratification of the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Netherlands stated: “In times of armed conflict, provisions shall prevail that are most conducive to guaranteeing the protection of children under international law.” 
Netherlands, Reservations and declarations made upon ratification of the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child, 6 February 1995, reprinted in UN Doc. CRC/C/2/Rev.4, 28 July 1995, p. 27.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
1060. Children must receive the care and help that they need.
1061. This involves: receiving an upbringing, including religious and moral, in accordance with the wishes of the parents or carers. 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, §§ 1060–1061.
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands provides:
Children shall not be evacuated without reason to a foreign country. Exception shall be made for a temporary evacuation where compelling reasons of the health and safety of the children so required. 
Netherlands, Toepassing Humanitair Oorlogsrecht, Voorschift No. 27-412/1, Koninklijke Landmacht, Ministerie van Defensie, 1993, p. VIII-3.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
Unnecessary evacuation of children to another country should be avoided. An exception is made for temporary evacuation, for compelling reasons relating to their health or safety. There are a number of detailed rules for such an evacuation. 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, § 0811.
In its chapter on non-international armed conflict, the manual states:
1060. Children must receive the care and help that they need.
1061. This involves … adopting measures (including temporary escorting, by adults responsible for their safety and wellbeing, as far as possible with the consent of their parents or carers) whenever children have to be transferred outside the area of hostilities to a safer part of the country. 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, §§ 1060–1061.
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands provides: “The death penalty shall not be pronounced on persons who were under the age of eighteen years of age at the time of the offence.” 
Netherlands, Toepassing Humanitair Oorlogsrecht, Voorschift No. 27-412/1, Koninklijke Landmacht, Ministerie van Defensie, 1993, p. XI-5.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
Section 11 - Prosecutions and procedural guarantees
1071. The prosecution and punishment of offences relating to the armed conflict should be subject to the following conditions (this relates to the bearing of arms and the committing of offences and war crimes during the internal armed conflict):
- for parties which still maintain capital punishment, the death penalty must not be imposed on persons who were younger than 18 years old at the time of committing the offence, on pregnant women or on women who are mothers of young children.
The Netherlands has abolished capital punishment. No Dutch judicial authority may pronounce a death sentence. Furthermore, the Netherlands may not agree to hand over persons under Dutch jurisdiction who are suspected or convicted of an offence carrying the death penalty, unless guarantees are given that the death penalty will not be carried out. 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, § 1071 and p. 173.