Practice Relating to Rule 119. Accommodation for Women Deprived of Their Liberty
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands provides: “Women must, if possible, be based in separate camps and barracks. In any case, separate dormitories shall be provided for them.”
With respect to non-international armed conflicts in particular, the manual states: “Men and women [whose liberty has been restricted] must be separated.”
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
Women should be treated in the same way as men, on the understanding that account should be taken of their physical strength and the special requirements that biological factors represent for their treatment (e.g. menstruation and pregnancy). Moreover, account should be taken of a prisoner of war’s sex when ordering work and allocating dormitory and sanitary facilities. In particular, women should be protected from rape and other sexual violence.
The manual further states: “Women must, as far as possible, be accommodated in their own camps or barracks. In any case, they must have separate dormitories.”
In its chapter on non-international armed conflict, the manual states:
Those responsible for internment or imprisonment must observe the following, without limitation:
- to accommodate men and women separately, unless they belong to one family.