Related Rule
Netherlands
Practice Relating to Rule 116. Accounting for the Dead
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands provides:
Parties to the conflict are obliged to ensure that burial or cremation of the dead … is preceded for each dead by a careful examination, if possible by a medical examination, of the body, with a view to confirming death and establishing identity. One half of the double identity disc or the identity disc itself if it is a single disc, should remain on the body. 
Netherlands, Toepassing Humanitair Oorlogsrecht, Voorschift No. 27-412/1, Koninklijke Landmacht, Ministerie van Defensie, 1993, p. VI-2.
The Military Handbook (1995) of the Netherlands provides: “The identification of the dead must be done.” 
Netherlands, Handboek Militair, Ministerie van Defensie, 1995, p. 7-37.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
The parties to a conflict are bound to ensure that burial or cremation of the dead … is, in any case, preceded by careful examination of the body (also medically if possible), to establish cause of death and identity. One half of the double identity disc (or the whole of a single disc) must remain attached to the body. Cremation of a corpse is permitted for pressing hygienic or religious reasons. 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, § 0609.
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands provides:
As soon as circumstances and the relation between the parties to the conflict permit, the parties, in whose territories graves of the persons who have died as a result of hostilities are located, shall conclude agreements in order … to facilitate access to the gravesites. 
Netherlands, Toepassing Humanitair Oorlogsrecht, Voorschift No. 27-412/1, Koninklijke Landmacht, Ministerie van Defensie, 1993, p. VI-3.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
As soon as circumstances and the relations between the parties to the conflict permit, the parties whose territory contains graves of persons who died during the conflict must conclude agreements in order:
- to facilitate access to the graves for family members and officials of graves associations; … 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, § 0610; see also § 0751 (prisoners of war).
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands provides: “Graves must be properly … marked.” 
Netherlands, Toepassing Humanitair Oorlogsrecht, Voorschift No. 27-412/1, Koninklijke Landmacht, Ministerie van Defensie, 1993, pp. VI-2 and VI-3.
The manual also provides:
As soon as circumstances and the relations between the parties to the conflict permit, the parties, in whose territories graves of the persons who have died as a result of hostilities are located, shall conclude agreements in order: to facilitate access to the gravesites by relatives of the deceased and by representatives of official Graves Registration Services. 
Netherlands, Toepassing Humanitair Oorlogsrecht, Voorschift No. 27-412/1, Koninklijke Landmacht, Ministerie van Defensie, 1993, p. VI-3.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
As soon as circumstances and the relations between the parties to the conflict permit, the parties whose territory contains graves of persons who died during the conflict must conclude agreements in order:
- to facilitate access to the graves for family members and officials of graves associations; … 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, § 0610.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states: “One half of the double identity disc (or the whole of a single disc) must remain attached to the body.” 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, § 0609.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
Death of prisoners of war
If a prisoner of war dies in detention, information (notification of death) must in all cases be passed to the information bureau (see point 0752; G III Article 120, Annex IV.D). Where applicable, the protecting power must also be informed. This information should consist specifically of the name, rank, date of birth and registration number, date and place of death, cause of death, date and place of burial, and all particulars necessary to locate the grave. A will of a prisoner of war should be forwarded direct to the information bureau after his death, and possibly also to the protecting power. All particulars of funerals and graves should be registered by a graves service (in the Netherlands the Royal Dutch Army Recovery and Identification Service). 
Netherlands, Humanitair Oorlogsrecht: Handleiding, Voorschift No. 27-412, Koninklijke Landmacht, Militair Juridische Dienst, 2005, § 0751.