Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 38. Attacks against Cultural Property
Niger’s Penal Code (1961), as amended in 2003, contains a list of war crimes committed against persons and objects protected under the 1949 Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols of 1977, including:
attacks against historical monuments, works of art or places of worship clearly recognized [as such] which constitute the cultural or spiritual heritage of peoples being accorded a special protection by a particular arrangement if there exists no evidence that the adversary has violated the prohibition to use such property as a support of his military efforts and if these objects are not situated in the immediate vicinity of military objects. 
Niger, Penal Code, 1961, as amended in 2003, Article 208.3(20).