• 1
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
  • 3
    Definition of Combatants
  • 5
    Definition of Civilians
  • 6
    Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
  • 7
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilian Objects and Military Objectives
  • 8
    Definition of Military Objectives
  • 9
    Definition of Civilian Objects
  • 10
    Civilian Objects’ Loss of Protection from Attack
  • 11
    Indiscriminate Attacks
  • 14
    Proportionality in Attack
  • 15
    Precautions in Attack
  • 16
    Target Verification
  • 17
    Choice of Means and Methods of Warfare
  • 19
    Control during the Execution of Attacks
  • 20
    Advance Warning
  • 21
    Target Selection
  • 22
    Principle of Precautions against the Effects of Attacks
  • 23
    Location of Military Objectives outside Densely Populated Areas
  • 24
    Removal of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Vicinity of Military Objectives
  • 31
    Humanitarian Relief Personnel
  • 33
    Personnel and Objects Involved in a Peacekeeping Mission
  • 44
    Due Regard for the Natural Environment in Military Operations
  • 45
    Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
  • 47
    Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
  • 50
    Destruction and Seizure of Property of an Adversary
  • 51
    Public and Private Property in Occupied Territory
  • 52
    Pillage
  • 53
    Starvation as a Method of Warfare
  • 54
    Attacks against Objects Indispensable to the Survival of the Civilian Population
  • 55
    Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
  • 57
    Ruses of War
  • 59
    Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
  • 65
    Perfidy
  • 66
    Non-Hostile Contacts between the Parties to Conflict
  • 71
    Weapons That Are by Nature Indiscriminate
  • 72
    Poison
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • 73
    Biological Weapons
  • 74
    Chemical Weapons
  • 75
    Riot Control Agents
  • Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
  • 82
    Recording of the Placement of Landmines
  • 83
    Removal or Neutralization of Landmines
  • 87
    Humane Treatment
  • 89
    Violence to Life
  • 90
    Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
  • 92
    Mutilation and Medical, Scientific or Biological Experiments
  • 95
    Forced Labour
  • 96
    Hostage-Taking
  • 97
    Human Shields
  • 99
    Deprivation of Liberty
  • 100
    Fair Trial Guarantees
  • 103
    Collective Punishments
  • 107
    Spies
  • 109
    Search for, Collection and Evacuation of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 110
    Treatment and Care of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 111
    Protection of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked against Pillage and Ill-Treatment
  • 113
    Treatment of the Dead
  • 115
    Disposal of the Dead
  • 116
    Accounting for the Dead
  • 117
    Accounting for Missing Persons
  • 118
    Provision of Basic Necessities to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 119
    Accommodation for Women Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 120
    Accommodation for Children Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 121
    Location of Internment and Detention Centres
  • 122
    Pillage of Personal Belongings of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 123
    Recording and Notification of Personal Details of Persons Deprived of their Liberty
  • 124
    ICRC Access to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 125
    Correspondence of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 127
    Respect for Convictions and Religious Practices of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 128
    Release and Return of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 129
    The Act of Displacement
  • 130
    Transfer of Own Civilian Population into Occupied Territory
  • 135
    Children
  • 136
    Recruitment of Child Soldiers
  • 137
    Participation of Child Soldiers in Hostilities
  • 139
    Respect for International Humanitarian Law
  • 142
    Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
  • 143
    Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
  • 144
    Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
  • 145
    Reprisals
  • 146
    Reprisals against Protected Persons
  • 150
    Reparation
  • 151
    Individual Responsibility
  • 154
    Obedience to Superior Orders
  • 157
    Jurisdiction over War Crimes
  • 158
    Prosecution of War Crimes
  • 159
    Amnesty
  • 160
    Statutes of Limitation
  • 161
    International Cooperation in Criminal Proceedings