Practice Relating to Rule 52. Pillage
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009) states: “The States party to the  Geneva Conventions undertake to: … prohibit … pillage.”
The manual also states: “It is prohibited to: … pillage an enemy town or place.”
Mexico’s IHL Guidelines (2009) states: “War crimes
include … the pillaging of public and private property”.
In a section entitled “Basic rules of conduct in armed conflict”, the Guidelines also states: “Respect the rights of the civilian population in combat zones … and protect their property. It is strictly prohibited to commit theft”.
Mexico’s Code of Military Justice (1933), as amended in 1996, punishes “anyone who, without being absolutely required by war operations, … plunders towns and villages”.
The Code also punishes “anyone who, taking advantage of his position in the army or in the armed forces or of the fears created by war, and for the purpose of illegitimate appropriation, seizes objects belonging to the local population”, as well as anyone who “operates forced requisitions to appropriate goods for oneself, on the pretext of public interest”.