Related Rule
Mali
Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Mali’s Army Regulations (1979) provides that, under the laws and customs of war, it is prohibited “to use improperly … the distinctive insignia recognized by international conventions”. 
Mali, Règlement du Service dans l’Armée, 1ère Partie: Discipline Générale, Ministère de la Défense Nationale, 1979, Article 36.
Mali’s Code of Military Justice (1995) punishes:
any individual … who, in time of war, in the area of operations of a military force and in violation of the laws and customs of war, improperly uses the distinctive signs and emblems defined in international conventions to ensure respect for persons, objects and places protected by these conventions. 
Mali, Code of Military Justice, 1995, Article 145.
Under Mali’s Penal Code (2001), “using … the distinctive signs provided for by the Geneva Conventions and, thereby, causing loss of human lives or serious injuries” is a war crime in international armed conflicts. 
Mali, Penal Code, 2001, Article 31(i)(7).