Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 37. Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
Section C. Attacks on open towns and non-defended localities
Under Mali’s Penal Code (2001), “attacking or bombarding, by whatever means, towns, villages, dwellings or buildings which are not defended and which do not constitute military objectives” constitutes a war crime in international armed conflict. 
Mali, Penal Code, 2001, Article 31(i)(6).