Related Rule
Madagascar
Practice Relating to Rule 23. Location of Military Objectives outside Densely Populated Areas
Madagascar’s Military Manual (1994) states:
31. Among tactically equivalent defence positions, that position must be chosen which exposes civilian persons and objects the least to danger.
41. Movements (and stops during movements) in the vicinity of civilian objects shall be limited to the minimum.
42. The placement of combat units must be chosen in order to avoid proximity between military objectives and civilian objects.
43. In case of inevitable proximity between military objectives and civilian persons and objects, the commander must be guided by the following principles:
a) only small military objectives may be placed in the vicinity of important concentrations of civilian persons and objects;
b) larger military objectives must be placed in the vicinity of smaller concentrations of civilian persons and objects. 
Madagascar, Le Droit des Conflits Armés, Ministère des Forces Armées, August 1994, Fiche No. 6-O, §§ 31 and 41–43.