Related Rule
Madagascar
Practice Relating to Rule 146. Reprisals against Protected Persons
Section E. Civilians in general
Madagascar’s Military Manual (1994), in the part of its instructions dealing with civilian persons, instructs soldiers to “protect them against ill treatment”. It states: “Acts of vengeance and the taking of hostages are prohibited.” 
Madagascar, Le Droit des Conflits Armés, Ministère des Forces Armées, August 1994, Fiche No. 4-T, § 23(3).
The manual further instructs soldiers not to take hostages and to refrain from all acts of revenge. 
Madagascar, Le Droit des Conflits Armés, Ministère des Forces Armées, August 1994, Fiche No. 5-T, §§ 8 and 9.