Related Rule
Sri Lanka
Practice Relating to Rule 93. Rape and Other Forms of Sexual Violence
In 2008, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Sri Lanka stated:
83. In accordance with resolution 1612 and Section VI, paragraph 2 of the Terms of Reference of the Working Group o[f] the [UN] Security Council on children and armed conflict, the TFMR [Task Force for Monitoring and Reporting] will focus on violations against children affected by armed conflict …
84. … [V]iolations and abuses committed against children affected by armed conflict including … rape and other grave sexual violence against children … will … be addressed. 
Sri Lanka, Initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 15 February 2010, UN Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/LKA/1, submitted 16 June 2008, §§ 83–84.
In 2008, in its combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Sri Lanka stated: “Several amendments were made to the Penal Code by Amendment Act No. 16 of 2006 to bring offences against children, in particular sexual offences, in line with international norms and standards.” 
Sri Lanka, Combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 20 January 2010, UN Doc. CRC/C/LKA/3-4, submitted 24 October 2008, § 383.
The situation for women during and after armed conflicts needs to consistently be given attention. Resolution 1325 has been, and continues to be, a very important tool to recognize the needs of women in conflict or post conflict situations. As I said in my speech further to the 10 year anniversary of resolution 1325 last fall, the structural violence against women in conflict situations needs to be counteracted. 
Sweden, Speech by the State Secretary for Foreign Affairs during the Ministry for Foreign Affairs’ International Law Day, 16 September 2011.
Reports from Iraq and Syria show gross, systematic and large-scale abuse of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law. … [R]ape occur[s] in large scale and minority groups and women and children are particularly exposed. The government has in the strongest terms condemned ISIL and their brutal acts. 
Sweden, Answer by the Minister for International Development Cooperation to written question 2014/15:31 in Parliament regarding the humanitarian situation for the victims of IS, 29 October 2014.
For too long sexual and gender based violence in conflict was almost completely neglected. It is a major achievement that international criminal law now recognizes the gravity of such violence as serious international crimes and as a means of war as such. This is part of a general progress – which includes the crucial adoption of UN Security Council resolution 1325 [on Women, Peace and Security] – underlining the impact of conflict on women as well as their important role in all phases of conflict resolution and the rebuilding of war torn societies. 
Sweden, Statement by the Director-General for Legal Affairs at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs during the Thirteenth Session of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, 12 December 2014.
[C]onflict-related sexual and gender-based violence is a core security challenge that must be firmly addressed. Throughout the conflict in Syria, women and girls have been targeted on the basis of their gender. Sexual violence is systematic and widespread amongst many warring parties, and used as a tactic of terror by ISIL. Women and girls from Syria are sold as commodities among extremist groups and are repeatedly exposed to horrendous acts. According to the UN Independent Commission of Inquiry, Assad regime forces have arrested female lawyers, journalists and peace activists. Women have suffered rape and other forms of sexual violence by regime personnel in detention facilities. It is time to speak up louder against these horrendous crimes, to support the victims, prevent stigmatisation and make sure that perpetrators are brought to justice. Sweden fully supports SRSG [Special Representative of the Secretary-General] Zainab Bangura in her tireless efforts to address the issue of sexual violence in armed conflict and look forward to taking part of the details in her seven point plan. 
Sweden, Speech by the Minister for Foreign Affairs entitled “Syrian Women Peacebuilders”, 23 October 2015.