Related Rule
Sri Lanka
Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
Sri Lanka’s Chemical Weapons Convention Act (2007) states:
19. (1) Any person who—
(a) uses a chemical weapon;
(b) develops or produces a chemical weapon;
(c) acquires, stockpiles or retains a chemical weapon;
(d) transfers, directly or indirectly, any chemical weapon to another person;
(e) engages in any military preparations to use a chemical weapon;
(f) knowingly assists, encourages or induces, any prohibited activity; or
(g) uses any riot control agent as a method of warfare;
shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and be punished with imprisonment of either description for a period not exceeding twenty years and a fine not exceeding one million rupees.
47. In this Act unless the context otherwise requires –
“chemical weapon” means the following, together or separately: –
(a) toxic chemical and their precursors, except where intended for purposes not prohibited under the Convention, as long as the types and quantities are consistent with such purposes;
(b) munitions and devices, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of those toxic chemicals specified in subparagraph (a), which would be released as a result of the employment of such munitions and devices; and
(c) Any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions and devices specified in subparagraph (b). 
Sri Lanka, Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2007, Sections 19 and 47.
In 1975, during discussions in the Ad Hoc Committee on Conventional Weapons established by the CDDH, Sri Lanka stated that it “had consistently stood for total and complete disarmament and for a ban on all weapons of mass destruction, including … chemical weapons”. 
Sri Lanka, Statement at the CDDH, Official Records, Vol. XVI, CDDH/IV/SR.16, 12 March 1975, p. 154, § 5.
In 1977, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Sri Lanka supported a complete ban on chemical weapons. 
Sri Lanka, Statement before the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, UN Doc. A/C.1/32/PV.20, 5 October 1977, p. 56.
At the First Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997, Sri Lanka emphasized the importance of the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention and stated its commitment and its determination to contribute actively to the realization of the Convention’s aims. 
Sri Lanka, Statement at the First Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, The Hague, 6–23 May 1997.
At the Fifth Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 2000, Sri Lanka stated that it neither possessed chemical weapons, nor had a chemical industry which could produce them. 
Sri Lanka, Statement at the Fifth Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, The Hague, May 2000.
In 2013, a position paper submitted by the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) that are States Parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including Sri Lanka, and China, noted:
2. Preamble and international security
2.2 The NAM CWC States Parties and China reiterate their long-standing principled position for the achievement of general and complete disarmament, under strict and effective international control, including the prohibition of all weapons of mass destruction.
3. Destruction of chemical weapons and destruction or conversion of chemical weapons production facilities
3.1 The NAM CWC States Parties and China call for the destruction of all categories of chemical weapons by the possessor States Parties and reiterate the importance of the total elimination of all types of weapons of mass destruction, in line with the first preambular paragraph of the Convention.
3.5 The NAM CWC States Parties and China reiterate that the obligation and responsibility regarding the destruction of chemical weapons lie solely with the possessor States Parties, and that fulfilment of this obligation is essential to the achievement of the object and purpose of the Convention. 
Sri Lanka, Position paper submitted by the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement that are States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Sri Lanka, and China, 8 April 2013, §§ 2.2, 3.1 and 3.5.
In 2013, in a statement at the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) that are States Parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including Sri Lanka, and China, the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran stated:
The existence of weapons of mass destruction continues to pose a threat to international peace and security. The NAM CWC States Parties and China therefore call for the general and complete disarmament under [a] strict and effective verification regime, including the prohibition and elimination of all weapons of mass destruction in line with the first preambular paragraph of the Convention.
The NAM CWC States Parties and China call for the total destruction of all categories of chemical weapons by the possessor States Parties …
It is important that the Third Review Conference call upon the major possessor States to take every necessary measure to ensure the completion of destruction of their chemical weapons stockpiles in the shortest time possible.
We further call upon all the other States Parties that possess old chemical weapons to also complete their destruction of these chemical weapons in the shortest time possible.
… [T]he NAM CWC States Parties and China are fully committed to their obligations under the Convention. We look forward to the elimination of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction in the shortest time possible. 
Sri Lanka, Statement by the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement that are States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Sri Lanka, and China, 8 April 2013, pp. 2, 3 and 6.
The representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran further stated:
The NAM CWC States Parties and China express their deep concern that chemical weapons may have been used in the Syrian Arab Republic. We underline that the use of chemical weapons by anyone under any circumstances would be reprehensible and completely contrary to the legal norms and standards of the international community. 
Sri Lanka, Statement by the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement that are States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Sri Lanka, and China, 8 April 2013, p. 4.