Related Rule
Sri Lanka
Practice Relating to Rule 118. Provision of Basic Necessities to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
Sri Lanka’s Prisons Ordinance (1878), as amended to 2005, states:
18. (1) It shall be lawful for the Minister after consulting the Minister charged with the subject and function of Health to make rules as to each of the following matters:–
(d) reports on … [the prisons] cleanliness, drainage, warmth, and ventilation;
(e) reports on the provisions, water, clothing, and bedding supplied to the prisoners.
37. (1) Every Visitor [from the Board of Prison Visitors established pursuant to Article 35 of this Ordinance] shall be entitled-
(c) to inspect the condition of any part of the buildings or the premises of any prison, or any appliance or equipment provided therein for the use of the prisoners;
(d) to inspect or test the diet provided for the prisoners in any prison;
41. (1) Every Visitor appointed under this Ordinance shall hear all complaints which may be made to him by any prisoner respecting any deficiency in the quantity or quality of the food … received in the prison.
59. A civil prisoner shall be permitted to maintain himself and to purchase or receive from private sources at proper hours, food, clothing, bedding, or other necessaries, but subject to examination and to such conditions as may be approved by the Commissioner-General.
61. Every civil prisoner unable to provide himself with sufficient clothing and bedding shall be supplied by the Superintendent with such clothing and bedding as may be necessary.
70. All prisoners shall be furnished with proper means of washing or otherwise cleansing themselves and of having their clothing washed; and provision shall be made for their bathing within the prison, if possible, or otherwise at the nearest convenient place …
79. Save as provided in section 81, the Superintendent or in his absence a Visitor, may examine any person touching the offences in the preceding section mentioned, and determine thereupon and punish such offences –
(e) by confinement in a punishment cell [defined under art. 104 of the Prisons Ordinance as “an unfurnished cell used for the purpose of carrying out any punishment”] for any time not exceeding fourteen days;
(f) by ordering the offender for any time not exceeding three days to close confinement [confinement which deprives a prisoner of all means of communication with other prisoners under art. 104 of the Prisons Ordinance], to be there kept upon a diet reduced to such extent as shall be prescribed by any rule made under the provisions of section 94 …
81. (1)(a) If any prisoner is charged with mutiny or incitement to mutiny, or with escape or attempt to escape or abetment of escape from lawful custody, or with causing hurt or grievous hurt to a prison officer or with attempt to cause hurt or grievous hurt to a prison officer by means of any instrument for shooting, stabbing or cutting, or any instrument which, when used as a weapon of offence, is likely to cause death; or
(b) if any prisoner is charged with any offence against prison discipline which, in the opinion of the Superintendent or a Visitor acting under section 79, is not adequately punishable by him or is not adequately punishable under that section by reason of the prisoner’s record of previous convictions of offences against prison discipline, the Superintendent shall in the former case, and the Superintendent or Visitor may in the latter, cause the offender to be tried by a Magistrate of the Division in which the prison is situated and two Visitors …
(4) The tribunal shall have power to inquire into the offence upon oath or affirmation and by a majority verdict to punish the offender –
(a) with confinement in a punishment cell for any time not exceeding one month; …
94. (1) The Minister may from time to time make all such rules, not inconsistent with this Ordinance or any other written law relating to prisons, as may be necessary for the administration of the prisons in Sri Lanka and for carrying out or giving effect to the provisions and principles of this Ordinance.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, the Minister may make rules for all or any of the following purposes or matters:-
(d) … the classes of diet to be provided for prisoners. 
Sri Lanka, Prisons Ordinance, 1878, as amended to 2005, Articles 18(1)(d)–(e), 37(1)(c)–(d), 41(1), 59, 61, 70, 79(e)–(f), 81(1)(a)–(b), (4)(a), 94(1) and (2)(d).
These articles apply to persons deprived of their liberty under Sri Lanka’s Emergency Regulations (2005) pursuant to section 19 of these regulations.
In 2009, in its combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee against Torture, Sri Lanka stated:
In the Supreme Court Fundamental Rights Applications 73, 74, 75, 76 of 2002, the Supreme Court directed the Police to be vigilant when they detain suspects in … [p]olice custody and to provide them with … human[e] conditions and treatment in place[s] of detention. It is a requirement that these persons should also be give[n] sufficient water, enough space to sleep and sufficient ventilation, while in custody. In certain cases the Supreme Court has directed the authorities not to keep suspects in congestion when interrogating suspects. 
Sri Lanka, Combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee against Torture, 23 September 2010, UN Doc. CAT/C/LKA/3-4, submitted 17 August 2009, Annex, § 26.